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Almaden Research Laboratory
Researchers Map the Web

Scientists from IBM Research and other corporate research labs collaborated to conduct the most intensive research study of the Web.
The result is the development of the "Bow Tie" Theory. One of the initial discoveries of this ongoing study shatters the number one myth about the Web ... in truth, the Web is less connected than previously thought.

Bow Tie Theory - 4 distinct regions of the Web

As part of the collaboration, the scientists identified four distinct regions of the Web that contradict current perceptions. The Bow Tie Theory explained the dynamic behavior of the Web, and yielded insights into the complex organization of the Web. The discoveries will help computer scientists better understand the structure of the Internet, and lead to new technologies and design advances that will speed and simplify e-business.

Press Release
Related Information:
Research Study - Graph Structure in the Web
CS Principles and Methodologies

News Coverage:

Web map shows tangles and gaps
MSNBC - May 12, 2000
Study: Four distinct regions on the Web
CNET NEWS - May 11, 2000
The Web is a bow tie
NATURE - May 11, 2000

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